March 27, 2019
Enterprises continue to pursue strategies where they use more than one public cloud, but the drivers behind those initiatives are shifting from IT-related goals to business goals, according to a new report from workload automation vendor Turbonomic.
Initially, public clouds like Amazon Web Services (AWS) and Microsoft Azure were embraced because of their infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS) offerings, Turbonomic says. However, the survey, 2019 State of Multicloud, found that the push to use multiple and hybrid clouds increasingly is fueled by the need to leverage best-of-breed cloud services and ensure applications are available when needed. Eighty-three percent of respondents said they expect their workloads to move easily across their cloud environments.
In addition, enterprises are increasingly adopting containers, microservices and cloud-native architectures that are key to taking advantage of what clouds offer. Emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning promise more capabilities in leveraging the cloud.
“The agility, speed, and portability that containerization is enabling is transforming our collective vision of what is possible,” the report’s authors wrote. “We can build an application or a service once and run it anywhere — from the data center to the cell tower to the sensor. We can build composite applications that communicate across clouds, leveraging an array of cloud services. And we can believe that someday application workloads will move freely across clouds. All of it is driven by applications and the business they drive.”
Turbonomic’s survey adds another proof point to the growing multicloud trend. It echoes similar studies by other organizations that found enterprises are migrating applications and workloads to a range of public cloud providers while also growing their own on-premises, private-cloud environments. A survey earlier this year by network analytics technology provider Kentik found that 58 percent of respondents said they were using more than one of the three largest public cloud providers: AWS, Azure and Google Cloud Platform.
In another report, Flexera found that 84 percent of survey respondents used more than one provider.
For its survey, Turbonomic surveyed nearly 850 IT professionals and line-of-business executives. On average, respondents said they use an average of almost two cloud providers, driven both by the desire not to be locked into a single provider and also to be able to choose the best services available regardless of the provider.
Not surprisingly, most – 55 percent – said they use AWS, which has long held a dominant position in the fast-growing public cloud space. However, the survey also saw what others have found — that Azure is making up ground on AWS among enterprises. In the Turbonomic report, 52 percent said they are using Azure, while 22 percent pointed to Google Cloud. In its RightScale report, Flexera found that 61 percent of respondents were using AWS – a drop from 64 percent in 2018 – while 52 percent were using Azure, a jump from 45 percent the year before.
IBM Cloud and specialized clouds also were mentioned, but AWS, Azure and Google will continue to dominant the space, according to Asena Hertz, senior product marketing manager at Turbonomic.
Turbonomic’s Asena Hertz
“It’s difficult for smaller players to compete with existing services as well as [to] add more services because of the speed of the new services that AWS and Azure are introducing,” Hertz told Channel Futures. “Smaller players will need to find niches where they can establish and articulate differentiation and try to parlay those niches into growth area; for example, going into an advisory/managed service provider model — leveraging different services across public cloud providers and advising customers on how best consume them.”
The drivers behind the multicloud strategies are …
… evolving, she said.
“First and foremost, it’s about the business,” Hertz said. “Customers have unique business needs to solve for. They don’t want to get bogged down in building things that are not unique to their business, especially when providers can do it better and cheaper. Avoiding vendor lock-in isn’t a driver as it is an outcome of this desire, to have the freedom and agility to choose what’s right for your business.”
Enterprises are looking at the differentiated services these clouds offer. In the survey, respondents said AWS was particularly strong with data services, developer tools and the internet of things (IoT), but also noted Microsoft’s strength in business software and Google’s expertise in AI and machine learning.
Businesses also are beginning to think in terms of their customers’ locations and hosting services in clouds closer to where those customers are to ensure better performance and less latency. In addition, enterprises also are turning to multicloud for improved resiliency and high availability.
“Building your systems to operate across clouds, enabled by the portability of containers, would mitigate the risk [of unplanned downtime],” she said. “The challenge is the data. You see this concern reflected in the survey data: The ability for applications and data to be fully portable was just shy of the primary barrier to application workloads moving freely across clouds.”
Containers, microservices and cloud-native architectures will play an increasingly central role in multicloud and hybrid cloud initiatives. Survey respondents said that 26 percent of environments now use containerized applications, and they expect that to almost double by 2021. There also is a higher trust in contains, with almost a third of containerized applications deemed mission-critical.
“Cloud migration planning today is based upon evaluation of an application’s suitability for cloud environments, specifically the ability to leverage the agility and elasticity of public cloud,” Hertz said. “Many applications that are suitable for cloud are being migrated to cloud without being containerized. Containerization is a rapidly growing trend that will both enable legacy applications to be easily migrated to cloud, but also enable mobility between clouds.”
As the cloud grows in importance, so will the role of channel partners, such as MSPs and resellers, she said. The opportunity for them is to “bridge the existing gap between customers and the major cloud vendors. Cloud-specific channel partners will have advantages in skill sets, culture and familiarity with cloud native methodologies that they can use to help customers on their cloud journeys.”
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